The Ultimate Guide to Hardwood Floor Resurfacing: Everything You Need to Know

The Ultimate Guide to Hardwood Floor Resurfacing: Everything You Need to Know

Hardwood floor resurfacing is an essential process for maintaining the beauty and longevity of your wooden floors. Over time, hardwood floors can become scratched, dull, and worn out. Resurfacing them not only restores their original beauty but also extends their lifespan. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps, costs, and tips for a successful hardwood floor resurfacing project.

Explore our professional hardwood floor resurfacing services. Our experienced team ensures your floors look stunning and last longer, providing top-quality sanding, staining, and finishing tailored to your needs.

What is Hardwood Floor Resurfacing?

Hardwood floor resurfacing involves sanding down the top layer of the wood to remove scratches, stains, and imperfections. After sanding, a new finish is applied to protect the wood and give it a fresh, new look. This process is different from refinishing, which involves applying a new coat of finish without sanding the floor down.

Why Should You Resurface Your Hardwood Floors?

Resurfacing hardwood floors is necessary when they start showing signs of wear and tear that cannot be fixed by simple cleaning or minor repairs. Here are some reasons to consider hardwood floor resurfacing:

  1. Restoration of Appearance: Resurfacing removes deep scratches, stains, and dullness, restoring the floor’s original beauty.
  2. Increase in Home Value: Well-maintained hardwood floors can significantly increase the value of your home.
  3. Longevity: Regular maintenance, including resurfacing, can extend the life of your hardwood floors.

How to Resurface Hardwood Floors: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you’re wondering how to resurface hardwood floors, here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Preparation: Remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room. Clean the floor thoroughly to remove any dirt and debris.
  2. Sanding: Use a drum sander to sand down the top layer of the floor. Start with coarse-grit sandpaper and gradually move to finer grits. This step is crucial to removing scratches and preparing the surface for the new finish.
  3. Edging: Use an edge sander to sand the areas that the drum sander couldn’t reach, such as corners and edges.
  4. Cleaning: Vacuum the floor to remove all dust and debris created by sanding. Wipe the floor with a damp cloth to ensure it is completely clean.
  5. Staining (Optional): If you want to change the color of your hardwood floor, apply a stain after sanding and before applying the finish. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the best results.
  6. Applying Finish: Apply the first coat of finish using a brush or roller. Allow it to dry completely before applying additional coats. Typically, two to three coats are recommended for the best protection.
  7. Drying and Curing: Let the floor dry completely between coats and allow the final coat to cure for at least 24 hours before moving furniture back in.

Best Products for Hardwood Floor Resurfacing

Choosing the right products for hardwood floor resurfacing can make a significant difference in the results. Here are some recommended products:

  • Sanding Equipment: Rent a high-quality drum sander and edge sander from your local hardware store.
  • Sandpaper: Use a range of grits, starting with 36-grit for heavy sanding and finishing with 120-grit for a smooth surface.
  • Stains and Finishes: Minwax and Bona are popular brands for wood stains and finishes. Choose a finish that suits your desired look, whether it’s glossy, matte, or satin.

Cost of Hardwood Floor Resurfacing

The cost of hardwood floor resurfacing can vary depending on the size of the area and the extent of the damage. On average, homeowners can expect to pay between $1,000 and $2,500 for a professional resurfacing job. DIY projects can be more cost-effective, with expenses ranging from $300 to $700, depending on the tools and materials needed.

Professional Hardwood Floor Resurfacing

While DIY hardwood floor resurfacing can save money, hiring a professional ensures high-quality results and saves time. Professional resurfacing typically includes:

  • Inspection and Consultation: The professional will inspect your floor and provide a detailed estimate.
  • Sanding and Finishing: They will use commercial-grade equipment and finishes for a flawless result.
  • Clean-Up: Professionals handle all the clean-up, leaving your home spotless.

Steps to Resurface Hardwood Floors

To recap, here are the essential steps to resurface hardwood floors:

  1. Preparation: Remove furniture and clean the floor.
  2. Sanding: Sand the floor with varying grits of sandpaper.
  3. Edging: Sand corners and edges.
  4. Cleaning: Vacuum and wipe down the floor.
  5. Staining: Apply stain if desired.
  6. Finishing: Apply multiple coats of finish.
  7. Drying: Allow the floor to dry and cure.

Hardwood Floor Resurfacing Tips

Here are some hardwood floor resurfacing tips to ensure the best results:

  • Test in a Small Area: Before applying stain or finish to the entire floor, test it in a small, inconspicuous area to ensure you’re happy with the color and finish.
  • Follow Manufacturer’s Instructions: Always follow the instructions on the products you’re using for the best results.
  • Ventilation: Ensure the room is well-ventilated during sanding and finishing to avoid inhaling dust and fumes.
  • Patience: Allow adequate drying time between coats of finish to prevent a sticky or uneven surface.

Hardwood Floor Sanding and Refinishing

If your hardwood floors are only lightly scratched or dull, hardwood floor sanding and refinishing might be sufficient. This process involves lightly sanding the surface and applying a new coat of finish without completely sanding down to the bare wood. It’s a quicker and less invasive option compared to full resurfacing.

Hardwood Floor Resurfacing Near Me

Finding a professional for hardwood floor resurfacing near you is easy with online resources. Websites like Yelp, HomeAdvisor, and Angie’s List offer reviews and ratings for local professionals. Be sure to get multiple quotes and check references before hiring a contractor.

Eco-friendly Hardwood Floor Resurfacing

Eco-friendly hardwood floor resurfacing is an excellent choice for environmentally conscious homeowners. Look for water-based finishes, which have lower VOC (volatile organic compounds) levels and are less harmful to the environment. Additionally, using reclaimed or sustainably sourced wood for repairs can reduce your carbon footprint.

How Long Does Hardwood Floor Resurfacing Take?

The time required for hardwood floor resurfacing depends on the size of the area and the extent of the damage. Typically, a professional resurfacing job can take 2-5 days, including drying time. DIY projects might take longer, especially if you’re new to the process.

Hardwood Floor Resurfacing vs. Refinishing

It’s important to understand the difference between hardwood floor resurfacing vs. refinishing. Resurfacing involves sanding down to the bare wood and applying a new finish, while refinishing only involves applying a new coat of finish without deep sanding. Resurfacing is more intensive and suitable for severely damaged floors, whereas refinishing is ideal for minor wear and tear.


Hardwood floor resurfacing is a valuable investment that can restore the beauty and longevity of your floors. Whether you choose to do it yourself or hire a professional, understanding the steps, costs, and best practices is essential for achieving the best results. By following this guide, you can enjoy beautiful, durable hardwood floors for years to come.

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